Becker Friedman Institute

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Physical Distance and Cooperativeness Towards Strangers

Cooperativeness among genetically unrelated humans remains a major puzzle in the social sciences. We explore the causal impact of physical distance on willingness to help. In a field setting, participants decide about supporting local refugees at the dispense of money to themselves. We vary physical distance only, and keep other factors such as cultural distance fixed. The data shows that an increase in local physical distance decreases willingness to donate. A laboratory experiment confirms this finding. We further explore the causal roles of exposure (in the field) and of larger distances (in the lab) with a total of 475 participants.

Authors: 
Leonie Kühl, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Nora Szech, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie
Publication Date: 
December, 2017
Publication Status: 
Document Number: 
2017-087
File Description: 
First version, December, 2017