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Does Parents' Access to Family Planning Increase Children's Opportunities? Evidence from the War on Poverty and the Early Years of Title X

This paper examines the relationship between parents’ access to family planning and the economic resources of their children. Using the county-level introduction of U.S. family planning programs between 1964 and 1973, we find that children born after programs began had 2.8% higher household incomes. They were also 7% less likely to live in poverty and 12% less likely to live in households receiving public assistance. After accounting for selection, the direct effects of family planning programs on parents’ incomes account for roughly two thirds of these gains.

Martha Bailey, University of Michigan, National Bureau of Economic Research
Olga Malkova, Gatton College of Business and Economics
Zoë M. McLaren, University of Michigan
Publication Date: 
November, 2017
Publication Status: 
Document Number: 
File Description: 
First version, November 21, 2017