Becker Friedman Institute

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Personality Traits, Intra-household Allocation and the Gender Wage Gap

A model of how personality traits affect household time and resource allocation decisions and wages is developed and estimated. In the model, households choose between two modes of behavior: cooperative or noncooperative. Spouses receive wage offers and allocate time to supplying labor market hours and to producing a public good. Personality traits, measured by the so-called Big Five traits, can affect household bargaining weights and wage offers. Model parameters are estimated by Simulated Method of Moments using the Household Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) data. Personality traits are found to be important determinants of household bargaining weights and of wage offers and to have substantial implications for understanding the sources of gender wage disparities.

Authors: 
Christopher Flinn, New York University
Petra Todd, University of Pennsylvania
Weilong Zhang, University of Pennsylvania
Publication Date: 
April, 2017
Publication Status: 
Document Number: 
2017-029
File Description: 
First version, February 15, 2017